^^
Station Historical Data
 
Daily Summary for April 23, 2018 Units:  English    Metric   Both
« Previous Day
Next Day »
Daily Weekly Monthly Yearly Custom
  Current: High: Low: Average:
Temperature: 71.7 °F TemperatureF °F 55.9 °F 60.2 °F
Dew Point: 35.9 °F DewpointF °F 29.5 °F 34.1 °F
Humidity: 27% Humidity% 25% 38%
Wind Speed: 3.0mph WindSpeedMPHmph 1.2mph 5.6mph
Wind Gust: 3.0mph WindSpeedGustMPHmph - -
WindNNE - - ENE
Pressure: 29.98 in PressureIn in 29.98 in -
Precipitation: 0.00 in      
Historical Graphs
 
 
Tabular Data for April 23, 2018
Time Temperature Dew Point Pressure Wind Wind Speed Wind Gust Humidity Rainfall Rate (Hourly)
TemperatureF °F DewpointF °F PressureIn in Calm     Humidity% HourlyPrecipIn in
00:00 59.4 °F 36.9 °F 30.04 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 43% 0.00 in
00:05 59.4 °F 36.9 °F 30.04 in NE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 43% 0.00 in
00:10 59.4 °F 36.9 °F 30.04 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 43% 0.00 in
00:15 59.3 °F 36.2 °F 30.04 in NE 5.0 mph 5.0 mph 42% 0.00 in
00:20 59.3 °F 36.2 °F 30.04 in ENE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 42% 0.00 in
00:25 59.2 °F 35.5 °F 30.04 in NNE 6.9 mph 6.9 mph 41% 0.00 in
00:30 59.1 °F 35.4 °F 30.04 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 41% 0.00 in
00:35 59.1 °F 34.8 °F 30.04 in NNE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 40% 0.00 in
00:40 59.1 °F 35.4 °F 30.04 in East 3.0 mph 3.0 mph 41% 0.00 in
00:46 59.0 °F 35.3 °F 30.04 in ENE 2.0 mph 2.1 mph 41% 0.00 in
00:51 58.9 °F 34.6 °F 30.04 in NE 4.0 mph 4.0 mph 40% 0.00 in
00:56 58.9 °F 34.6 °F 30.04 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 40% 0.00 in
01:01 58.9 °F 34.6 °F 30.04 in NW 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 40% 0.00 in
01:06 58.7 °F 34.4 °F 30.03 in NNE 4.0 mph 4.0 mph 40% 0.00 in
01:11 58.7 °F 34.4 °F 30.03 in ENE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 40% 0.00 in
01:16 58.6 °F 35.0 °F 30.03 in NE 5.8 mph 5.8 mph 41% 0.00 in
01:21 58.5 °F 34.9 °F 30.03 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 41% 0.00 in
01:26 58.4 °F 34.8 °F 30.03 in NNE 5.8 mph 5.8 mph 41% 0.00 in
01:31 58.3 °F 34.7 °F 30.03 in NE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 41% 0.00 in
01:36 58.3 °F 34.1 °F 30.03 in NNE 4.0 mph 4.0 mph 40% 0.00 in
01:41 58.2 °F 34.0 °F 30.03 in ENE 4.0 mph 4.0 mph 40% 0.00 in
01:46 58.2 °F 34.0 °F 30.03 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 40% 0.00 in
01:52 58.1 °F 33.2 °F 30.03 in North 10.0 mph 10.0 mph 39% 0.00 in
01:57 58.1 °F 33.2 °F 30.03 in NE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 39% 0.00 in
02:02 58.1 °F 32.6 °F 30.02 in NNE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 38% 0.00 in
02:07 58.0 °F 32.5 °F 30.02 in NNE 6.9 mph 6.9 mph 38% 0.00 in
02:12 58.0 °F 33.2 °F 30.02 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 39% 0.00 in
02:17 58.0 °F 32.5 °F 30.02 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 38% 0.00 in
02:22 58.0 °F 32.5 °F 30.02 in NE 9.2 mph 9.2 mph 38% 0.00 in
02:28 57.9 °F 32.4 °F 30.02 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 38% 0.00 in
02:33 57.8 °F 31.7 °F 30.02 in NNE 10.4 mph 10.4 mph 37% 0.00 in
02:38 57.7 °F 32.2 °F 30.02 in North 5.8 mph 5.8 mph 38% 0.00 in
02:43 57.7 °F 31.6 °F 30.02 in North 10.4 mph 10.4 mph 37% 0.00 in
02:49 57.6 °F 32.2 °F 30.02 in North 6.0 mph 6.0 mph 38% 0.00 in
02:55 57.6 °F 31.5 °F 30.02 in NNE 6.9 mph 6.9 mph 37% 0.00 in
03:00 57.5 °F 31.4 °F 30.02 in NNE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 37% 0.00 in
03:05 57.5 °F 31.4 °F 30.02 in NNE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 37% 0.00 in
03:10 57.5 °F 30.7 °F 30.02 in NE 6.9 mph 6.9 mph 36% 0.00 in
03:15 57.4 °F 30.6 °F 30.02 in NNE 5.8 mph 5.8 mph 36% 0.00 in
03:20 57.3 °F 30.5 °F 30.02 in North 10.4 mph 10.4 mph 36% 0.00 in
03:25 57.3 °F 30.5 °F 30.02 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.7 mph 36% 0.00 in
03:30 57.2 °F 30.5 °F 30.02 in NNE 8.1 mph 8.1 mph 36% 0.00 in
03:35 57.2 °F 30.5 °F 30.02 in NE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 36% 0.00 in
03:40 57.2 °F 29.8 °F 30.02 in NNE 5.8 mph 5.8 mph 35% 0.00 in
03:46 57.3 °F 29.9 °F 30.02 in NNE 9.2 mph 9.2 mph 35% 0.00 in
03:49 57.3 °F 29.9 °F 30.02 in NE 10.4 mph 10.4 mph 35% 0.00 in
03:54 57.2 °F 29.8 °F 30.02 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 35% 0.00 in
03:55 57.2 °F 30.5 °F 30.02 in North 5.8 mph 5.8 mph 36% 0.00 in
03:56 57.2 °F 30.5 °F 30.02 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 36% 0.00 in
03:57 57.1 °F 29.7 °F 30.02 in NNE 8.1 mph 8.1 mph 35% 0.00 in
03:58 57.1 °F 29.7 °F 30.02 in NNE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 35% 0.00 in
03:59 57.2 °F 29.8 °F 30.02 in NNE 9.2 mph 9.2 mph 35% 0.00 in
04:00 57.2 °F 29.8 °F 30.02 in ENE 6.9 mph 6.9 mph 35% 0.00 in
04:01 57.2 °F 29.8 °F 30.03 in NE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 35% 0.00 in
04:04 57.2 °F 29.8 °F 30.03 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 35% 0.00 in
04:05 57.2 °F 29.8 °F 30.03 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 35% 0.00 in
04:06 57.2 °F 29.8 °F 30.03 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 35% 0.00 in
04:07 57.1 °F 29.7 °F 30.03 in NE 3.0 mph 3.0 mph 35% 0.00 in
04:08 57.1 °F 29.7 °F 30.03 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 35% 0.00 in
04:10 57.1 °F 29.7 °F 30.03 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 35% 0.00 in
04:11 57.1 °F 29.7 °F 30.03 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 35% 0.00 in
04:12 57.1 °F 29.7 °F 30.03 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 35% 0.00 in
04:14 57.0 °F 29.6 °F 30.03 in NE 8.1 mph 8.1 mph 35% 0.00 in
04:15 57.0 °F 29.6 °F 30.03 in NE 8.1 mph 8.1 mph 35% 0.00 in
04:16 57.0 °F 30.3 °F 30.03 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 36% 0.00 in
04:23 56.9 °F 29.5 °F 30.03 in North 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 35% 0.00 in
04:28 56.9 °F 30.2 °F 30.03 in NE 3.0 mph 3.0 mph 36% 0.00 in
04:36 56.8 °F 30.1 °F 30.03 in NE 3.0 mph 3.0 mph 36% 0.00 in
04:39 56.8 °F 30.1 °F 30.03 in NNE 6.9 mph 6.9 mph 36% 0.00 in
04:44 56.8 °F 30.1 °F 30.03 in NE 2.3 mph 2.3 mph 36% 0.00 in
04:49 56.7 °F 30.0 °F 30.03 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 36% 0.00 in
04:54 56.6 °F 30.6 °F 30.03 in NNE 2.3 mph 2.3 mph 37% 0.00 in
04:59 56.6 °F 29.9 °F 30.04 in NNE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 36% 0.00 in
05:04 56.7 °F 30.0 °F 30.04 in North 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 36% 0.00 in
05:18 56.6 °F 30.6 °F 30.04 in NNE 4.6 mph 5.3 mph 37% 0.00 in
05:19 56.6 °F 30.6 °F 30.04 in NNE 5.8 mph 5.8 mph 37% 0.00 in
05:24 56.6 °F 30.6 °F 30.04 in North 2.3 mph 2.3 mph 37% 0.00 in
05:27 56.6 °F 30.6 °F 30.04 in NNE 5.0 mph 5.0 mph 37% 0.00 in
05:28 56.6 °F 30.6 °F 30.04 in NNE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 37% 0.00 in
05:30 56.5 °F 30.5 °F 30.04 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 37% 0.00 in
05:32 56.5 °F 30.5 °F 30.04 in NNE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 37% 0.00 in
05:33 56.5 °F 30.5 °F 30.04 in NNE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 37% 0.00 in
05:35 56.5 °F 31.2 °F 30.04 in NNE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 38% 0.00 in
05:36 56.5 °F 30.5 °F 30.04 in NNE 5.0 mph 5.0 mph 37% 0.00 in
05:39 56.5 °F 30.5 °F 30.04 in North 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 37% 0.00 in
05:40 56.5 °F 30.5 °F 30.04 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 37% 0.00 in
05:45 56.5 °F 31.2 °F 30.04 in North 5.8 mph 5.8 mph 38% 0.00 in
05:47 56.4 °F 31.1 °F 30.04 in North 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 38% 0.00 in
05:49 56.4 °F 31.1 °F 30.04 in North 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 38% 0.00 in
05:54 56.3 °F 31.0 °F 30.04 in NNE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 38% 0.00 in
05:56 56.3 °F 31.0 °F 30.04 in NNE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 38% 0.00 in
05:57 56.3 °F 31.0 °F 30.04 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 38% 0.00 in
05:58 56.3 °F 31.0 °F 30.04 in NNE 6.9 mph 6.9 mph 38% 0.00 in
06:03 56.3 °F 31.0 °F 30.04 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 38% 0.00 in
06:06 56.3 °F 31.0 °F 30.04 in North 8.0 mph 8.0 mph 38% 0.00 in
06:07 56.3 °F 31.6 °F 30.04 in NNE 9.2 mph 9.2 mph 39% 0.00 in
06:09 56.3 °F 31.0 °F 30.04 in NNE 8.1 mph 8.1 mph 38% 0.00 in
06:14 56.2 °F 31.5 °F 30.04 in NE 2.3 mph 2.3 mph 39% 0.00 in
06:19 56.2 °F 30.9 °F 30.04 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 38% 0.00 in
06:24 56.2 °F 30.9 °F 30.04 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 38% 0.00 in
06:30 56.1 °F 31.5 °F 30.05 in ENE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 39% 0.00 in
06:35 56.1 °F 31.5 °F 30.05 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 39% 0.00 in
06:37 56.1 °F 31.5 °F 30.05 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 39% 0.00 in
06:42 56.1 °F 31.5 °F 30.05 in North 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 39% 0.00 in
06:47 56.1 °F 31.5 °F 30.05 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 39% 0.00 in
06:53 56.0 °F 31.4 °F 30.05 in North 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 39% 0.00 in
06:58 55.9 °F 31.9 °F 30.05 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 40% 0.00 in
07:04 56.0 °F 32.0 °F 30.05 in NE 5.8 mph 5.8 mph 40% 0.00 in
07:09 56.0 °F 32.0 °F 30.05 in NNE 5.0 mph 5.0 mph 40% 0.00 in
07:13 55.9 °F 31.9 °F 30.05 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 40% 0.00 in
07:14 55.9 °F 31.9 °F 30.05 in North 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 40% 0.00 in
07:19 55.9 °F 31.9 °F 30.05 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 40% 0.00 in
07:24 55.9 °F 32.5 °F 30.05 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 41% 0.00 in
07:29 56.0 °F 32.0 °F 30.05 in NE 3.5 mph 4.0 mph 40% 0.00 in
07:30 56.1 °F 32.7 °F 30.05 in NE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 41% 0.00 in
07:35 56.4 °F 33.0 °F 30.05 in North 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 41% 0.00 in
07:41 56.9 °F 32.8 °F 30.05 in North 2.3 mph 3.3 mph 40% 0.00 in
07:46 57.3 °F 33.2 °F 30.05 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 40% 0.00 in
07:51 57.2 °F 33.1 °F 30.06 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 40% 0.00 in
07:56 57.2 °F 33.1 °F 30.06 in NNE 8.1 mph 8.1 mph 40% 0.00 in
08:01 57.4 °F 33.3 °F 30.06 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 40% 0.00 in
08:06 57.7 °F 33.5 °F 30.06 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 40% 0.00 in
08:11 57.8 °F 33.6 °F 30.06 in NNE 5.8 mph 5.8 mph 40% 0.00 in
08:17 58.1 °F 34.5 °F 30.06 in NNW 5.0 mph 5.0 mph 41% 0.00 in
08:22 58.0 °F 33.8 °F 30.06 in NNE 6.9 mph 6.9 mph 40% 0.00 in
08:27 58.2 °F 34.0 °F 30.06 in NNE 9.2 mph 9.2 mph 40% 0.00 in
08:32 58.4 °F 34.8 °F 30.06 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 41% 0.00 in
08:37 58.9 °F 35.2 °F 30.06 in North 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 41% 0.00 in
08:42 59.0 °F 34.7 °F 30.06 in NNE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 40% 0.00 in
08:47 59.2 °F 34.9 °F 30.06 in NNE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 40% 0.00 in
08:52 59.5 °F 36.4 °F 30.06 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 42% 0.00 in
08:57 59.6 °F 35.9 °F 30.06 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 41% 0.00 in
09:02 59.6 °F 36.5 °F 30.06 in East 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 42% 0.00 in
09:08 60.4 °F 36.6 °F 30.06 in North 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 41% 0.00 in
09:13 60.6 °F 36.8 °F 30.06 in NNE 9.2 mph 9.2 mph 41% 0.00 in
09:18 60.6 °F 36.8 °F 30.06 in NE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 41% 0.00 in
09:20 60.8 °F 36.9 °F 30.06 in WNW 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 41% 0.00 in
09:25 61.4 °F 38.7 °F 30.05 in North 1.2 mph 1.3 mph 43% 0.00 in
09:30 61.8 °F 37.8 °F 30.05 in North 6.9 mph 6.9 mph 41% 0.00 in
09:35 61.2 °F 37.9 °F 30.05 in NNW 5.8 mph 5.8 mph 42% 0.00 in
09:40 60.9 °F 37.6 °F 30.05 in NNE 4.0 mph 4.0 mph 42% 0.00 in
09:45 60.8 °F 38.1 °F 30.05 in North 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 43% 0.00 in
09:50 61.3 °F 38.0 °F 30.05 in North 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 42% 0.00 in
09:56 61.5 °F 38.8 °F 30.05 in North 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 43% 0.00 in
10:01 61.4 °F 38.7 °F 30.05 in North 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 43% 0.00 in
10:06 61.9 °F 40.3 °F 30.05 in NNE 8.0 mph 8.0 mph 45% 0.00 in
10:11 61.9 °F 40.3 °F 30.05 in NNE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 45% 0.00 in
10:16 62.1 °F 40.5 °F 30.05 in NNE 8.1 mph 8.1 mph 45% 0.00 in
10:21 62.7 °F 42.2 °F 30.05 in East 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 47% 0.00 in
10:26 63.8 °F 42.0 °F 30.04 in NNE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 45% 0.00 in
10:28 64.1 °F 42.3 °F 30.05 in NE 6.9 mph 6.9 mph 45% 0.00 in
10:34 64.4 °F 41.4 °F 30.04 in North 5.0 mph 5.0 mph 43% 0.00 in
10:39 64.4 °F 42.0 °F 30.04 in NNE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 44% 0.00 in
10:44 64.9 °F 41.9 °F 30.04 in NNE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 43% 0.00 in
10:50 65.3 °F 42.2 °F 30.04 in NNE 8.1 mph 8.1 mph 43% 0.00 in
10:55 65.1 °F 43.2 °F 30.04 in NE 12.7 mph 12.7 mph 45% 0.00 in
11:00 65.0 °F 44.3 °F 30.04 in NNE 6.9 mph 6.9 mph 47% 0.00 in
11:05 65.6 °F 44.3 °F 30.04 in NNW 8.1 mph 8.1 mph 46% 0.00 in
11:10 66.4 °F 43.8 °F 30.03 in NNE 7.0 mph 7.0 mph 44% 0.00 in
11:16 66.1 °F 44.1 °F 30.04 in NE 5.8 mph 5.8 mph 45% 0.00 in
11:21 66.2 °F 44.8 °F 30.03 in North 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 46% 0.00 in
11:26 66.7 °F 44.1 °F 30.03 in NNE 6.0 mph 6.0 mph 44% 0.00 in
11:32 67.0 °F 43.1 °F 30.03 in North 8.1 mph 8.1 mph 42% 0.00 in
11:37 66.7 °F 42.9 °F 30.03 in NNE 12.7 mph 12.7 mph 42% 0.00 in
11:42 66.9 °F 42.4 °F 30.03 in NE 6.9 mph 6.9 mph 41% 0.00 in
11:47 67.4 °F 42.2 °F 30.03 in West 11.5 mph 11.5 mph 40% 0.00 in
11:52 67.6 °F 42.4 °F 30.03 in NE 8.1 mph 8.1 mph 40% 0.00 in
11:57 68.0 °F 40.7 °F 30.03 in NE 9.2 mph 9.2 mph 37% 0.00 in
12:03 67.9 °F 39.2 °F 30.03 in NNW 12.7 mph 12.7 mph 35% 0.00 in
12:08 67.2 °F 38.6 °F 30.03 in NNE 12.7 mph 12.7 mph 35% 0.00 in
12:13 67.7 °F 39.0 °F 30.03 in NNE 11.5 mph 11.5 mph 35% 0.00 in
12:18 68.1 °F 38.7 °F 30.02 in NE 8.1 mph 8.1 mph 34% 0.00 in
12:23 68.2 °F 38.0 °F 30.02 in NE 9.0 mph 9.0 mph 33% 0.00 in
12:28 68.3 °F 38.8 °F 30.02 in ENE 3.5 mph 3.5 mph 34% 0.00 in
12:34 68.2 °F 37.2 °F 30.02 in North 11.5 mph 11.5 mph 32% 0.00 in
12:39 68.1 °F 37.1 °F 30.02 in NNE 8.1 mph 8.1 mph 32% 0.00 in
12:44 68.4 °F 36.6 °F 30.02 in NNE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 31% 0.00 in
12:45 68.4 °F 36.6 °F 30.02 in North 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 31% 0.00 in
12:51 68.7 °F 36.8 °F 30.02 in East 8.1 mph 8.1 mph 31% 0.00 in
12:56 69.5 °F 36.7 °F 30.01 in NE 10.4 mph 10.4 mph 30% 0.00 in
13:01 69.7 °F 37.7 °F 30.01 in ENE 4.0 mph 4.0 mph 31% 0.00 in
13:06 70.2 °F 37.3 °F 30.01 in North 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 30% 0.00 in
13:11 70.5 °F 36.7 °F 30.01 in NE 6.9 mph 6.9 mph 29% 0.00 in
13:17 70.7 °F 36.0 °F 30.00 in NE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 28% 0.00 in
13:22 71.0 °F 35.3 °F 30.00 in East 3.5 mph 4.0 mph 27% 0.00 in
13:27 70.6 °F 36.8 °F 30.00 in ENE 6.9 mph 6.9 mph 29% 0.00 in
13:32 70.6 °F 35.9 °F 30.00 in NE 4.6 mph 4.6 mph 28% 0.00 in
13:37 71.3 °F 35.6 °F 30.00 in ENE 9.2 mph 9.2 mph 27% 0.00 in
13:42 71.5 °F 36.7 °F 30.00 in NNE 9.0 mph 9.0 mph 28% 0.00 in
13:47 71.1 °F 35.4 °F 29.99 in NNE 10.4 mph 10.4 mph 27% 0.00 in
13:52 71.2 °F 35.5 °F 29.99 in NE 10.4 mph 10.4 mph 27% 0.00 in
13:57 71.3 °F 34.6 °F 29.99 in North 15.0 mph 15.0 mph 26% 0.00 in
14:02 71.1 °F 34.5 °F 29.99 in North 15.0 mph 15.0 mph 26% 0.00 in
14:07 71.4 °F 34.7 °F 29.99 in ENE 10.4 mph 10.4 mph 26% 0.00 in
14:13 71.9 °F 35.1 °F 29.99 in North 9.0 mph 9.0 mph 26% 0.00 in
14:18 72.2 °F 36.3 °F 29.99 in NNE 11.5 mph 11.5 mph 27% 0.00 in
14:23 71.3 °F 33.6 °F 29.99 in NE 8.1 mph 8.1 mph 25% 0.00 in
14:28 71.3 °F 34.6 °F 29.98 in NNE 12.7 mph 12.7 mph 26% 0.00 in
14:33 71.7 °F 35.9 °F 29.98 in NNE 3.0 mph 3.0 mph 27% 0.00 in
Live Lenexa Weather
Compliments of Weather Underground - 1.5 mb